Time to Turn on the Heat! Your Guide to the Different Types of Heating Systems in Westchester County

As temperatures drop in Westchester County, many homeowners and home buyers find themselves asking what the best heating system for their home is. This blog post is designed to prepare you for the types of systems you might come across. In this comprehensive guide, I'll highlight six popular types of heating systems in Westchester County. 

1. Forced-Air Furnaces

How They Work: These popular heating systems use a fuel source—such as natural gas, propane, oil, or electricity—to heat metal heat exchangers. A fan then circulates this warmed air throughout your home via a network of ducts and vents.


  • Generally require less upkeep compared to other systems
  • Can share ductwork with an air conditioning system
  • Tend to be more budget-friendly due to lower fuel costs and higher efficiency


  • Possibility of fire, explosions, and carbon monoxide issues
  • Can spread allergens throughout the home

2. Boiler Systems

How They Work: Utilizing natural gas, propane, fuel oil, or electricity, a central boiler heats water or steam that flows through pipes to radiators or baseboard heaters.


  • Zoned heating control for different areas of the home
  • Minimal maintenance as there are no filters
  • Even heat distribution


  • Potential for water leaks, though this is rare
  • Requires a separate cooling system

3. Heat Pumps

How They Work: Types include air-to-air, water source, and geothermal. Heat pumps collect heat from the air, water, or ground and use electricity and refrigerant to bring it into your home.


  • Energy-efficient and generally less expensive to operate
  • Environmentally friendly
  • Can operate without ductwork


  • May not provide sufficient heat in colder climates
  • Higher initial setup cost

4. In-Floor Radiant Heating

How They Work: Electric wires or water-filled tubes under the floor heat the room directly.


  • Silent and discreet
  • More efficient than baseboard or forced-air systems
  • Doesn’t circulate allergens


  • Installation involves floor replacement
  • More expensive upfront

5. Active Solar Heating

How They Work: Solar panels heat liquid or air, which is then transferred into the home.


  • Environmentally friendly
  • Potential utility bill savings
  • Could increase home value


  • High initial cost
  • Requires a backup heating source

6. Hybrid Heating

How They Work: Combines an electric heat pump with a gas furnace, switching automatically based on temperature.


  • Efficient and automated
  • Worry-free operation during winter
  • Combines benefits of furnaces and heat pumps


  • Might require more frequent maintenance
  • Not ideal for warm climates

Heating System Maintenance

Preventive care can save you from unexpected problems with your heating system. While maintenance requirements vary by type, it's generally a good idea to have your system inspected and serviced annually by a certified HVAC technician. For forced-air systems, replacing filters at least twice a year is advisable.

Choosing a heating system is a significant investment, one that you'll live with for many years. It's crucial to weigh the advantages and drawbacks of each system type, and you may even want to consult an HVAC professional for personalized advice.

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